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<br /> WASTEWATER<br /> COLLECTION SYSTEM<br /> MODELING AND DESIGN<br /> FirstEdition<br /> Authors<br /> Bentley Systems<br /> Thomas M. Walski<br /> Thomas E. Barnard<br /> Eric Harold<br /> LaVere B. Merritt<br /> Noah Walker<br /> Brian E. Whitman<br /> Managing Editor<br /> Thomas E. Barnard<br /> Project Editors<br /> Kristen Dietrich, Adam Strafaci, and Colleen Totz<br /> Contributing Authors<br /> Christine Hill, Gordon McKay,<br /> Stan Plante, Barbara A. Schmitz<br /> Exton, Pennsylvania USA<br /> WASTEWATER COLLECTION SYSTEM MODELING AND DESIGN<br /> First Edition<br /> Copyright © 2007 by Bentley Institute Press<br /> Bentley Systems, Incorporated.<br /> 685 Stockton Drive<br /> Exton, Pennsylvania 19341<br /> www.bentley.com<br /> Copyright © 2004 by Haestad Press<br /> Haestad Methods, Incorporated<br /> 27 Siemon Company Drive, Suite 200W<br /> Watertown, Connecticut 06795<br /> All rights reserved<a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=1"> WASTEWATER COLLECTION SYSTEM MODELING AND DE</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=2"> WASTEWATER COLLECTION SYSTEM MODELING AND DESIGN </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=3"> “Similar to Bentley's earlier publications, Waste</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=4"> </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=5"> Acknowledgements Wastewater Collection </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=6"> Research Foundation, Pearson Education, R.D. Zand</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=7"> Authors and Contributing Authors Wastew</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=8"> Bentley Systems The Bentley Systems Engineering S</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=9"> projects include RCRA permitting for hazardous an</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=10"> use today. Mr. Walker has been responsible for th</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=11"> forming Safety Audits and serving as Hazop Chairm</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=12"> </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=13"> Foreword Libraries are wondrous institu</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=14"> gained from past experience will aid the utility </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=15"> Table of Contents Preface </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=16"> ii Table of Contents Conservation of E</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=17"> iii Diffusion Analogy .......................</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=18"> iv Table of Contents Collect Data......</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=19"> v 7.2 Wastewater Collection System Hydr</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=20"> vi Table of Contents 8.3 Instrumen</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=21"> vii 10.4 Initial System Layout </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=22"> viii Table of Contents 11.4 Evaluating</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=23"> ix 13.2 Estimating Flows </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=24"> x Table of Contents Water Policy Frame</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=25"> Preface Wastewater conveyance facilities a</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=26"> xii Preface Chapter 2 presents steady gr</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=27"> xiii These words are used interchangeably thr</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=28"> </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=29"> About the Software The CD in the back of t</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=30"> xvi About the Software · Draw on exist</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=31"> CHAPTER 1 Introduction to Wastewater Collection</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=32"> 2 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Sys</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=33"> Section 1.1 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=34"> 4 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Sys</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=35"> Section 1.2 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=36"> 6 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Sys</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=37"> Section 1.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=38"> 8 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Sys</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=39"> Section 1.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=40"> 10 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Syst</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=41"> Section 1.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=42"> 12 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Syst</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=43"> Section 1.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=44"> 14 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Syst</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=45"> Section 1.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=46"> 16 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Syst</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=47"> Section 1.4 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=48"> 18 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Syst</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=49"> References 19 Federal Water Pollution Con</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=50"> 20 Introduction to Wastewater Collection Syst</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=51"> Problems 21 1.2 What law passed in 197</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=52"> </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=53"> CHAPTER 2 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=54"> 24 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=55"> Section 2.1 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=56"> 26 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=57"> Section 2.1 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 58" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=58"> 28 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 59" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=59"> Section 2.2 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 60" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=60"> 30 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 61" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=61"> Section 2.2 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 62" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=62"> 32 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 63" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=63"> Section 2.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 64" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=64"> 34 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 65" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=65"> Section 2.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 66" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=66"> 36 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics 12 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 67" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=67"> Section 2.3 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 68" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=68"> 38 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 69" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=69"> Section 2.4 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 70" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=70"> 40 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 71" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=71"> Section 2.5 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 72" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=72"> 42 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 73" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=73"> Section 2.5 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 74" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=74"> 44 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 75" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=75"> Section 2.6 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 76" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=76"> 46 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 77" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=77"> Section 2.6 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 78" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=78"> 48 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 79" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=79"> Section 2.7 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 80" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=80"> 50 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 81" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=81"> Section 2.7 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 82" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=82"> 52 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 83" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=83"> Section 2.7 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 84" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=84"> 54 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 85" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=85"> Section 2.8 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 86" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=86"> 56 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 87" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=87"> Section 2.8 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 88" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=88"> 58 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 89" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=89"> Section 2.8 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 90" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=90"> 60 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 91" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=91"> Section 2.8 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 92" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=92"> 62 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 93" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=93"> Section 2.9 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 94" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=94"> 64 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics L</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 95" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=95"> Section 2.9 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 96" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=96"> 66 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 97" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=97"> Section 2.9 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 98" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=98"> 68 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 99" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=99"> Section 2.9 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 100" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=100"> 70 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 101" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=101"> Section 2.9 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 102" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=102"> 72 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 103" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=103"> Section 2.10 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 104" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=104"> 74 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 105" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=105"> Section 2.10 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 106" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=106"> 76 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 107" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=107"> Section 2.10 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 108" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=108"> 78 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 109" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=109"> Section 2.11 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 110" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=110"> 80 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 111" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=111"> Section 2.11 </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 112" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=112"> 82 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 113" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=113"> Section 2.11 EGL HGL Hydraulics of Flow-C</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 114" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=114"> 84 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 115" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=115"> References 85 American Society of Civil E</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 116" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=116"> 86 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 117" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=117"> References 87 Schmidt, O. J. 1959. Measur</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 118" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=118"> 88 Steady Gravity Flow Hydraulics </a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 119" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=119"> 3 Q = 3.6 ft /</a> <a title="wastewater free preview.pdf page 120" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/0772e868?page=120"> </a>