If you are visually impaired or blind, you can visit the PDF version by Pressing CONTROL + ALT + 4
<br /> AcAdemic<br /> reseArch<br /> NorDan, naturally<br /> Caption here<br /> <br /> Contents<br /> Introduction 5<br /> The sustainable approach 9<br /> Energy supply, security and costs 11<br /> Life cycle assessment of multi-glazed windows 15<br /> Life cycle assessment of aluminium-clad timber windows 21<br /> Carbon costing 29<br /> The importance of U-values <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=1"> AcAdemic reseArch NorDan, naturally </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=2"> </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=3"> Contents Introduction </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=4"> Ronaldsons Wharf, Leith, Edinburgh</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=5"> Introduction I n today’s fast-moving world,</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=6"> Academic Studies The academic reports and scient</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=7"> Background In early 1997, NorDan arranged for Na</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=8"> Lotte Glob House, Loch Eriboll, Durness, Sutherla</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=9"> The sustainable approach I ncreased environ</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=10"> Gloucester Docks, Gloucestershire</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=11"> Energy supply, security and costs Professor Tar</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=12"> 60 past discovery future discovery </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=13"> $100.00 $80.00 $60.00 National Average Oil</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=14"> Bearsden Baptist Church, Glasgow</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=15"> Life cycle assessment of multi-glazed windows d</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=16"> and waste disposal requirements have on both soci</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=17"> Space Heating Heat loss through windows is influ</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=18"> in question. Countries which use more sustainable</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=19"> References 1. Emsley, J., Energy and fuels, N</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=20"> Admiral House, Newport Rd, Cardiff</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=21"> Life cycle assessment of aluminium-clad timber wi</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=22"> to compare different options within a particular </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=23"> MJ MJ 77000 000 6000 6000 5000 5000 4000 4000 3</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=24"> Figure 4: LCA of an Aluminium-clad timber window </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=25"> window samples (test specification are provided i</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=26"> Stressing Factors Photo Irradiation Thermal Rad</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=27"> Client Professional fees Ca</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=28"> Sigma Home, Building Research Establishment, Watf</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=29"> Carbon costing dr. Gillian menzies January 2008</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=30"> Zero Carbon Homes will necessitate the use of [6]</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=31"> Technology CO 2 SO 2 NO </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=32"> Clarence Docks, Leeds</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=33"> The importance of U-values T here </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=34"> NTech Low Energy window cross section</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=35"> NTech U-value calculations T he work </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=36"> NTech Passive window cross section</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=37"> NTech life cycle cost comparisons doctor muhamm</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=38"> experiencing an upward trend with a nearly 30% in</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=39"> Aberdeen Part L Part L NTech NTech Gl</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=40"> Aberdeen Part L Part L NTech NTech Gl</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=41"> Aberdeen Edinburgh Manchester London </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=42"> Halls of Residence, University of the West of Eng</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=43"> Whole life analysis ian miller, cyril sweett (W</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=44"> 2.0 Background 2.1 Previous study A Previous stu</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=45"> 3.6 Longevity of Analysis In the previous study,</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=46"> have been used, but it should be noted that locat</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=47"> 6.0 Discussion of Results 6.1 Whole Life Co</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=48"> 6.2 Whole Life Cost The following graph (Figure </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=49"> 6.3 Whole Life Cost (NPV) The following graph (F</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=50"> 6.5 Total Life Energy (LCCA) </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=51"> 7.0 Conclusions 8.0 References</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=52"> </a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=53"> Conclusion T his publication illustra</a> <a title="Academic-Research-20081 page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/21bc3167?page=54"> For further information, please contact your near</a>