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<br /> www.tiretechnologyinternational.com<br /> 2013<br /> 20<br /> The Annual Review of Tire Materials and Tire Manufacturing Technology<br /> 13<br /> GREEN TIRES ENERGIZED BY<br /> As a technology leader in the specialty chemicals industry, we enable<br /> the newest generation of high-performance tires. Our innovative<br /> Buna Nd 22 EZ and Buna Nd 24 EZ rubbers for “Green Tires” close<br /> the gap between superior driving properties and processability. In<br /> this way, we enable our partners in the tire industry to even more<br /> efciently manufacture tires which guarantee high safety through<br /> maximum traction, reduced fuel consumption through minimum roll-<br /> ing resistance, and a long life cycle. Find out more about LANXESS'<br /> new Buna grades: buna.lanxess.com<br /> CONTENTS<br /> 5 Foreword<br /> Roger Williams, associate editor<br /> SECTION 1: DESIGN, MATERIALS,<br /> TESTING AND FUTURE POSSIBILITIES<br /> 10 Green tire production<b<a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=1"> www.tiretechnologyinternational.com </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=2"> GREEN TIRES ENERGIZED BY As a technology leader </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=3"> CONTENTS 5 Foreword Roger Williams, associate </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=4"> CONTENTS 78 Parameter derivation Chongfeng Wei a</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=5"> Driving innovation in tires For decades, Eastma</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=6"> Proud of the </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=7"> Foreword Will the pneumatic tire survive? by Rog</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=8"> ese regulations and other similar one</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=9"> There's more to HollyFrontier Process Oils than m</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=10"> Our new FLEXX Belt Maker. Finally, quality meets </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=11"> Section 1 Design, materials, testing and future p</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=12"> Green tire production An analysis of alternative </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=13"> lower performance in the criteria mentioned above</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=14"> 5 amorphous silica of high purity, with high sur</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=15"> 8 with bitumen to produce modi ed asphalts, or b</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=16"> Figure 9: Dispersion measurements of purified, not</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=17"> Conveying innovation, 1998 </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=18"> Advanced brush model Creating a virtual model for</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=19"> As a rst step, we start with the formulati</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=20"> 6 [8] where slip denotes the sliding frict</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=21"> Note that we assume in the following cxy(y)</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=22"> 11 As an upper bound for the slip angle,</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=23"> Pure Performance for your rubber applications R</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=24"> EUROPE'S LEADING INTERNATIONAL TIRE DESIGN AND TI</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=25"> Next-generation rayon A new innovation in rayon t</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=26"> of creating a yarn that ultimately achieves highe</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=27"> EUROPE'S LEADING INTERNATIONAL TIRE DESIGN AND TI</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=28"> THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DATES FOR 2014 www.tiretechn</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=29"> 11, 12 & 13 FEBRUARY 2014 KÖLN MESSE, GERMANY To</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=30"> The nanotech challenge Creating a nano-architectu</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=31"> calculated using Flory-Rehner equation and the mo</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=32"> 6 Application e nite element method in n</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=33"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=34"> Aircraft tire modeling Calculating tearing energi</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=35"> the release of stored energy has to exceed a crit</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=36"> 5 2D model is then revolved around an axis to </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=37"> Analyzed area 7 th</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=38"> Buckeye Gold storage A study into rubber producti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=39"> appeared to have grown to 30-50g by the autumn ha</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=40"> IN UNSURE TIMES, NOTHING BEATS SAFE PROCESSES. </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=41"> [Rubber] (mg/g dw root) 5</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=42">   8   9 Rubber content i</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=43"> DESIGNED FOR YOUR HIGH PERFORMANCE APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=44"> Magnetorheological elastomers Development of MREs</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=45"> 3 vulcameter curve in Figure 1 as the material</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=46"> Figure 5: Two adjacent particles in a chain in an</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=47"> 7 8 initial modulus. Such </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=48"> Changes in rolling tires A study has measured cha</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=49"> Table 1: Reading comparison from TPMS device and </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=50"> Figure 5: Sample form for filling in results of ro</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=51"> 8 IntersectiontoZrenjanin Suboticaarrival Suboti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=52"> SSBR production New grades of high cis neodymium </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=53"> Table 1: Macro-structural properties of conventio</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=54"> High Performance Bladders for High Performance Ti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=55"> Modi ed NdBR for silica treads Garvey pro les at </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=56"> High mooney modi ed NdBR for improved processing </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=57"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 58" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=58"> Resorcinol in tire applications The evolution of </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 59" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=59"> 4 to using precondensed, resorcinol- formaldeh</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 60" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=60"> 5 6 used i</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 61" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=61"> compounds D and E exhibit a major improvement in </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 62" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=62"> Visualization of properties Designing tire materi</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 63" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=63"> 3 performance parameters. It therefore enables</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 64" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=64"> 6 and the position of the functional group in </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 65" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=65"> We’re the science behind higher ratings. NXT* </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 66" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=66"> Functional hybrid cords Kordsa Global has created</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 67" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=67"> Mega Trends Safety Automotive Comfort Tire Cons</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 68" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=68"> Rubberized ply weight 245/45R18 96Y </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 69" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=69"> INDSPECChemical Corporation Resorcinol Bonding Ag</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 70" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=70"> Tire release agents Bluestar Silicones' release a</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 71" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=71"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 72" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=72"> T h ewor l d ’s ti r e&au tom oti ve i s</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 73" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=73"> of a bladder release. If the layer has defects, t</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 74" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=74"> According to test results shown in Figures </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 75" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=75"> THE NEW LAP SERVOLASER tireXpert COM NG SOON I </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 76" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=76"> Low-PAH tire oils Ergon commissioned a study to b</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 77" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=77"> nearly all of it in Groups II, III or gas-to-liqu</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 78" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=78"> Tan at 60°C Modulus at 300% </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 79" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=79"> OUR BRANDS Diolen® Enka® Nylon Enkalon® </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 80" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=80"> Parameter derivation Detailed finite element model</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 81" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=81"> 4a 4b resolution for recognizing the cords' geo</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 82" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=82"> mesnac inzercia 180x132.indd 1 </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 83" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=83"> relaxation before actual testing was carried out.</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 84" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=84"> Table 1: Comparison of radial stiffness between t</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 85" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=85"> PERFORMANCE Ergon's HyPrene Process Oils have bee</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 86" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=86"> Rolling resistance simulation Using finite element</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 87" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=87"> rolling resistance analysis, the time- dependent </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 88" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=88"> 2 We have assumed in this work that the </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 89" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=89"> A Gl o bal Ent er pr ise Based in Ta iwan 專業立足.營銷</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 90" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=90"> Tire Technology International FREE APP no</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 91" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=91"> Section 2 Production, quality and recycling </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 92" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=92"> Styrenation of R-F resin CEAT has investigated th</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 93" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=93"> Cure characteristics [MH-ML, t'30 & t'90] t'30 t'</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 94" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=94"> Dynamic Properties E' (Mpa) </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 95" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=95"> Adhesion-humidity aged 21 days [N] </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 96" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=96"> Extrusion screw design Adapting extrusion screw d</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 97" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=97"> Temperature[°C] 115 110 105 100 95 90 85 80 </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 98" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=98"> Table 4: Trial results Screw Screw speed [rpm] Ou</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 99" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=99"> .K erman e:+49602281-2655infoc</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 100" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=100"> ADVERTISING FEATURE Molds and containers A-Z d</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 101" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=101"> ADVERTISING FEATURE outstanding</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 102" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=102"> ADVERTISING FEATURE New curing bladder line Co</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 103" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=103"> THETIRE MOLDING COMPANY SINCE 40 YEARS LINE OF </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 104" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=104"> Characterization of materials Automated sample fe</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 105" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=105"> 4a prepared (as an option) to generate pulse-sh</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 106" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=106"> Reproducibility test (MPAS): identical materials </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 107" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=107"> e reproducibility of the results and </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 108" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=108"> Tire defect recognition Critical evaluation crite</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 109" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=109"> a given tire manufacturing facility. It is also a</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 110" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=110"> 3 today's ADR so</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 111" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=111"> Account Manager, Tires (North America) Jacksonvil</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 112" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=112"> More precise innerliners Geometric profile thickne</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 113" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=113"> Compensation </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 114" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=114"> 5 6 </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 115" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=115"> Suitable Process Oils </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 116" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=116"> ADVERTISING FEATURE Quality control system Len</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 117" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=117"> ADVERTISING FEATURE </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 118" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=118"> A+ Outperforming the standards. We set new standa</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 119" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=119"> ADVERTISING FEATURE Innovative tire storage Ti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 120" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=120"> ADVERTISING FEATURE </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 121" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=121"> Model 434 CREEL SHIFTER for Individual Creel Row </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 122" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=122"> Index to advertisers Arizona Chemical ...........</a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 123" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=123"> STYRON Enhanced SSBR Technology Gears Up Towards </a> <a title="Tire Technology International Annual Review 2013 page 124" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/32fd90ec?page=124"> Solvay Silica </a>