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<br /> mmm$j_h[j[Y^debe]o_dj[hdWj_edWb$Yec<br /> The Annual Review of Tire Materials and Tire Manufacturing Technology<br /> Increase fuel efficiency<br /> without losing your grip.<br /> Can you be a tyre manufacturer and still save the world? Perhaps<br /> not all by yourself, but there is an easy way to make `greener'<br /> tyres – ensuring high scores on the new eco labels. The answer is<br /> naphthenic oil. The right grade (which, unsurprisingly, we have a<br /> ready supply of) helps to make your tyres more fuel efficient – while<br /> maintaining wet grip and cutting CO emissions. How can we be so<br /> 2<br /> sure? Comparative studies show our formulations have a positive<br /> impact on rolling resistance. Leading tyre and polymer producers<br /> are already partnering with us. Why not join them! If you're curious<br /> to find out what else we know about tyre oils – or you'd like to see<br /> the comparative stu<a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=1"> mmm$j_h[j[Y^debe]o_dj[hdWj_edWb$Yec </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=2"> Increase fuel efficiency without losing your grip.</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=3"> SECTION 1: DESIGN, MATERIALS, TESTING, AND FUTURE</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=4"> Editor Adam Gavine Associate editor Roger Willia</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=5"> Focused competence </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=6"> Go ahead, drop them right in. HollyFrontier's CI</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=7"> Foreword Energy efficiency and the primrose path </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=8"> requirements to 54.5mpg. This will call for annua</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=9"> Performance for high demanding applications. Sol</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=10"> We supply the Difference for your Success Conti M</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=11"> Section 1 Design, materials, testing, and future </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=12"> Robust FE analysis of radial tires under steady-s</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=13"> Figure 1: Deformed structure and contact of loade</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=14"> Proud of the </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=15"> Figure 5: Illustrates normal and longitudinal str</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=16"> estimate for the relation between maximum stresse</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=17"> YOUR NEEDS, OUR MISSION VMI Holland BV Tel. +31</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=18"> Hyper-elastic constitutive models using FEA of ru</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=19"> Table 1 Characteristics of the test tires Tire </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=20"> Figure 6: Toe angle influence. A change in toe an</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=21"> Figure 10: Relation between lateral groove angle </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=22"> Figure 12: Graph showing the relationship between</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=23"> Figure 14: The drum-type tire uniformity machine </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=24"> Effect of nanorubber in black-filled rubber compo</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=25"> Figure 4 (above left): FT-IR spectrum of Nano-SBR</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=26"> Table 1: Effects of nano-SBR on rheometrical prop</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=27"> Table 2: Effects of nano-BR on Rheometrical prope</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=28"> Figure 10: Nano-SBR reduces the mechanical hyster</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=29"> “Nano-BR is more effective in the hysteresis redu</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=30"> Alternative sources of natural rubber: characteri</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=31"> Figure 3: SDS-PAGE gel of rubber particle associa</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=32"> a cytochrome P450 oxidase. This protein belongs t</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=33"> Glycolysis 3-hydroxy-methyl- glutaryl CoA </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=34"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=35"> Future technology: Computational technology and w</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=36"> Figure 2: An example of nano architecture design,</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=37"> Tyre ProducTs </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=38"> Deterioration of skid resistance: a roadside poin</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=39"> Table 2: Aggregate characteristics Aggregate </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=40"> Figure 4: The types of specimen used in this stud</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=41"> Figure 7 : Evolution curves following the skid re</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=42"> Figure 10 : Evolution of skid resistance of group</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=43"> Figure 14: Evolution of skid resistance of the tw</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=44"> Figure 18: Skid resistance evolution of asphalt m</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=45"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=46"> A parametric study of cornering behavior using FE</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=47"> Figure 3: Shows variation of the lateral force wi</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=48"> Figure 7: Shows cornering stiffness as a function</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=49"> Figure 10: Variation of the aligning torque (mome</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=50"> EuropE’s LEading intErnationaL tirE dEsign and ti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=51"> New runflat technology: moving from niche to main</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=52"> 245/45R17 Deflation 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=53"> EuropE’s LEading intErnationaL tirE dEsign and ti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=54"> THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DATES FOR 2012 www.tiretechn</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=55"> 14, 15 & 16 FEBRUARY 2012 KOELNMESSE, GERMANY To</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=56"> SBR structure properties with reference to rollin</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=57"> Table 2b: Properties of dry polymers Properties </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 58" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=58"> Table 4b: Properties of compound made with dry po</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 59" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=59"> Table 6a: Properties of compound made with oil-ex</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 60" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=60"> Table 7b: Properties of compound made with dry po</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 61" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=61"> Table 8b: Properties of compound made with dry po</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 62" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=62"> with SBR_O_B (due to its low styrene content and </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 63" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=63"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 64" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=64"> EU production and exploitation of alternative rub</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 65" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=65"> Figure 2: Test field in Montpellier, France, for </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 66" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=66"> and breeding program. This also led to the discov</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 67" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=67"> for commercial planting, a processing industry mu</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 68" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=68"> CORDENKA® tough by nature CORDENKA is the leadi</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 69" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=69"> Portable test facility for determining tire-marki</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 70" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=70"> Figure 1: The tire tread cut-outs used with the t</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 71" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=71"> Anti Ozone Waxes </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 72" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=72"> Strain dependency behavior of SBR compounds fille</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 73" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=73"> Figure 1: Complex viscosity vs strain for compoun</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 74" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=74"> Figure 3: How the critical strain of SBR nano-com</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 75" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=75"> C M Y CM MY CY CMY K TTIAR_2010_engl_curv.pdf </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 76" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=76"> Using tire-road contact stresses in road pavement</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 77" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=77"> Figure 2: Inflation pressure differences of steer</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 78" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=78"> Figure 7: Typical tire ‘fingerprint’ of the verti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 79" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=79"> Figure 12: Interpolated data for Tire 18 at 20kN </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 80" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=80"> force (for example, SRRf) during SIM measurement </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 81" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=81"> Figure 21: Vertical stress reaction through pavem</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 82" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=82"> Figure 29: Summary of computed vertical stress th</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 83" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=83"> Conclusions and recommendations It is concluded t</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 84" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=84"> Preliminary conference programme STRAPLINE ava</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 85" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=85"> TIRE TECHNOLOGY EXPO CONFERENCE BOOK NOW We are d</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 86" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=86"> Characterization of tearing behavior of rubber un</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 87" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=87"> This relation is given by T ≈ dE. For the pu</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 88" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=88"> Figure 3: Schematic showing methodology for obtai</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 89" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=89"> Figure 6: T is a function of time, derivative of</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 90" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=90"> FE modeling a racing car tire A test rig was des</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 91" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=91"> Figure 4 (left): Wheel instrumented with load cel</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 92" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=92"> Figure10: Force-deflection curve by measurement o</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 93" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=93"> Figure 12: Lateral force versus slip angle, from </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 94" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=94"> Car and cycle tire/road friction: a comparison It</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 95" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=95"> previous testing by Grover et al. (2007),10 which</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 96" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=96"> 100km/h (62mph). Tires BT014 and BT021 drop from </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 97" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=97"> friction tended to increase with increasing speed</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 98" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=98"> Compounding functionalized carbon black with alon</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 99" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=99"> Table 2: Compound formulations used Materials </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 100" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=100"> Figure 4: Graph showing temperature dependence of</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 101" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=101"> GREEN TIRES ENERGIZED BY The benefits of “green </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 102" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=102"> Control and testing for compliance with REACH PAH</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 103" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=103"> manufacture, as is now common practice in the USA</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 104" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=104"> compliance with the limitations of Table 1, that </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 105" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=105"> In an uncertain ocean of supply, we're in calm wa</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 106" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=106"> EuropE’s LEading intErnationaL tirE dEsign and ti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 107" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=107"> Section 2 Production, quality, and recycling </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 108" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=108"> Cap-Strip: Customer-focused, value-added product </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 109" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=109"> Table 1: Standard characterization results of D-s</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 110" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=110"> Figure 3: An S strip design made of D-weft cords </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 111" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=111"> </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 112" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=112"> Conveyance innovations for tire plant mixing room</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 113" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=113"> hours at a single plant. Another facility, this o</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 114" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=114"> Above and below: The Intralox Series 1400 Easy Re</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 115" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=115"> C M Y</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 116" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=116"> The next generation of modular tire measurement </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 117" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=117"> As a tire is processed by the MTMS, it is tr</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 118" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=118"> Figure 3: Tire uniformity waveform visualization </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 119" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=119"> The world's tire & automotive Industry is turnin</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 120" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=120"> www.shepchem.com SUPERIOR STEEL BELT ADHESION A L</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 121" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=121"> Strip-winding machinery A new modular strip-wind</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 122" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=122"> The strip-winding machine with three-axis control</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 123" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=123"> DISCOVERING NEW DIMENSIONS TIRE MANUFACTURI</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 124" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=124"> Gum calender profile measurement on innerliner by</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 125" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=125"> Figure 4: The O-stone frame in the TriScan-InKa’s</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 126" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=126"> Figure 7: Trend display. Here, four different mea</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 127" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=127"> THETIRE MOLDING COMPANY SINCE 40 YEARS LINE OF </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 128" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=128"> Extruder design to avoid electrostatic charge in </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 129" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=129"> View of a triplex unit with GS 45 in the upper he</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 130" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=130"> Index to advertisers A-Z Formen-und Maschinenbau </a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 131" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=131"> EuropE’s LEading intErnationaL tirE dEsign and ti</a> <a title="Tire Technology International 2011 Annual Review page 132" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/54f87b66?page=132"> Conveying innovation, 1998 </a>