If you are visually impaired or blind, you can visit the PDF version by Pressing CONTROL + ALT + 4
<br /> State of Ontario’s<br /> Biodiversity 2010<br /> A Report of the Ontario<br /> Biodiversity Council<br /> Recommended citation:<br /> Ontario Biodiversity Council. 2010. State of Ontario’s biodiversity 2010.<br /> A report of the Ontario Biodiversity Council, Peterborough, ON.<br /> ISBN 978-1-4435-3253-2 (Print)<br /> ISBN 978-1-4435-3255-6 (PDF)<br /> Cover photos (L–R): iStockphoto.com; Larry Watkins, OMNR; Wayne Eardley; Simon Dodsworth;<br /> Sebastian Santa, iStockphoto<br /> ONTARIO BIODIVERSITY COUNCIL<br /> Name Organization<br /> Jon K. Grant,<br /> Chair<br /> Jessica Annis Ontario Stone, Sand &<br /> Gravel Association<br /> Julie Cayley Ducks Unlimited Canada<br /> Sue Chiblow Chiefs of Ontario<br /> George Finney Bird Studies Canada<br /> Jackie Fraser <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=1"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity 2010 A Report of </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=2"> Recommended citation: Ontario Biodiversity Counci</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=3"> Message from the Ontario Biodiversity Council </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=4"> Executive Summary Executive Summary </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=5"> associated with multiple stresses. Invasive alien</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=6"> Summary of status, trends, and data confidence fo</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=7"> Table of Contents Message from the Ontario Biod</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=8"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity .................</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=9"> Introduction Biodiversity—What is it and Why is</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=10"> Humans are a part of this living system and have </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=11"> at present there is no demonstrated alternative t</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=12"> Biodiversity indicators are measures that summari</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=13"> treNd Improvement based on time series data impro</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=14"> Ontario’s Ecozones— An Overview Ontario is a v</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=15"> Ecozones do not respect political boundaries and </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=16"> The many lakes, rivers, and streams in the Hudson</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=17"> Ontario Shield The Ontario Shield is Ontario’s </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=18"> Photo: John Stephens, MndMf Chapleau area </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=19"> Photo: John Butterill Northumberland County </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=20"> The natural landscape of the Mixedwood Plains pro</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=21"> Aquatic systems have also been affected through t</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=22"> are scattered throughout the Great Lakes and prov</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=23"> Great Lakes Ecozone associated with these stresse</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=24"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity Pressures on</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=25"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity THreaTS </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=26"> and identifies whether our collective con- sumpti</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=27"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity person. Th</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=28"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity Ontario’s av</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=29"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity 25 Buil</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=30"> • • • Pressures on Ontario’s Biod</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=31"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity cUMULaTi</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=32"> INdIcatOr—Percentage of Land Cover Types in Ontar</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=33"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity • Natural</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=34"> Amphibians are very vulnerable to road mortality </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=35"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity • Major r</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=36"> in 1997 to 400 km in 2005 (OMNR 2007a, 2008a). A </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=37"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity INdIcatO</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=38"> • Watersheds in the southern part of the On</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=39"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity $7.5 billi</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=40"> 20 25 Fishes Invertebrates Protists </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=41"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity Pollution</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=42"> INdIcatOr—Ground-Level Ozone Pressures on Ontari</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=43"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity across Ont</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=44"> INdIcatOr—Freshwater Quality Index Water qual</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=45"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity This indic</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=46"> sites are located in areas where land use and oth</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=47"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity Overharve</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=48"> Climate Change Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversi</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=49"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity Models are</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=50"> </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=51"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity 1930s simi</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=52"> INdIcatOr—Body Condition and Survival of Polar Be</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=53"> Pressures on Ontario’s Biodiversity FEMALES </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=54"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Extent and Stru</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=55"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Land Classes</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=56"> Forest Report 2006 (OMNR 2007a) at the ecoregion </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=57"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity THOUSANDS OF HEC</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 58" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=58"> • The average Crown forest harvest area was </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 59" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=59"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity This indicator</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 60" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=60"> wetlands State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Wetlan</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 61" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=61"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity risk. Wetlands</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 62" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=62"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity 54 wetlands (20</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 63" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=63"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Wetland Conver</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 64" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=64"> rare ecosystems Ontario’s diverse ecosystems incl</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 65" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=65"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity cHange TO fi</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 66" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=66"> (including The Pinery Provincial Park). A further</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 67" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=67"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Freshwater Coa</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 68" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=68"> Just over half (54%) of the prairie/ sava</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 69" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=69"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity shoreline alte</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 70" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=70"> natural connection at the land-water interface is</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 71" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=71"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity in nearshore a</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 72" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=72"> population is not declining, but can be highly</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 73" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=73"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Inland Waters </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 74" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=74"> Since the program began in 2008, 378 lakes have b</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 75" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=75"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Photo: Mik</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 76" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=76"> Photo: erika Thimm, OMnr State of Ontario’s Biod</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 77" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=77"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity aqUaTic HaBi</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 78" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=78"> Species Diversity Status of native Species in On</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 79" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=79"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity species. Infor</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 80" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=80"> INdIcatOr—Ontario Species in Secure and Conservat</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 81" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=81"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity • The 2005 ra</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 82" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=82"> Figure 40 shows the Ontario distribution </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 83" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=83"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity • Birds have </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 84" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=84"> table 7. Summary of changes in General Status ran</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 85" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=85"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity INdIcatOr—Tr</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 86" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=86"> Legend 7— Taiga Shield and Hudson Plain </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 87" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=87"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity istics and tre</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 88" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=88"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity 80 (30%), with </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 89" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=89"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Although b</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 90" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=90"> 2007). Information on genetic diversity is also i</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 91" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=91"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity Rust, readily </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 92" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=92"> Photo: Simon dodsworth State of Ontario’s Biodiv</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 93" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=93"> State of Ontario’s Biodiversity colonization h</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 94" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=94"> Conservation and Sustainable Use Conservation an</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 95" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=95"> conservation and Sustainable Use Protected Ar</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 96" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=96"> Conservation lands Protected areas PERCENT OF E</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 97" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=97"> conservation and Sustainable Use Candidate pro</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 98" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=98"> Conservation and Sustainable Use Protected a</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 99" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=99"> conservation and Sustainable Use INdIcatOr—S</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 100" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=100"> table 8. Examples of differences among CSA, FSC a</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 101" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=101"> conservation and Sustainable Use table 8. Exam</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 102" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=102"> Area of the Undertaking • In 2009, Ontario had </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 103" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=103"> conservation and Sustainable Use 40,000 </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 104" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=104"> Biodiversity Stewardship Stewardship activities</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 105" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=105"> conservation and Sustainable Use INdIcatOr—A</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 106" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=106"> • Since 2002, stewardship activities have oc</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 107" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=107"> conservation and Sustainable Use • Between 20</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 108" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=108"> Urban Biodiversity Buildings, roads, parking lo</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 109" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=109"> conservation and Sustainable Use • Total urba</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 110" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=110"> INdIcatOr—Provincial Expenditure on Biodiversity </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 111" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=111"> conservation and Sustainable Use • From 2001–</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 112" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=112"> Summary and Conclusions Indicator Summary </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 113" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=113"> improving trends, but none showed deteriora- tion</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 114" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=114"> table 10. Summary of status, trends, and data con</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 115" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=115"> The Ontario Shield Ecozone is the largest ecozone</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 116" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=116"> the lakes by Zebra Mussels and Quagga Mussels. Al</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 117" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=117"> ciTizen Science Citizen science is work done by </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 118" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=118"> Summary and Conclusions The breeding birds indic</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 119" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=119"> Outlook for 2015 Ontario’s Biodiversity Strateg</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 120" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=120"> Acknowledgements This report was developed by </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 121" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=121"> References Alberti, M., and J.M. Marzluff. 200</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 122" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=122"> Cadman, M.D., D.A. Sutherland, G.G. Beck, D. Lepa</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 123" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=123"> Ducks Unlimited Canada. 2006. Natural values: lin</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 124" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=124"> Gough, W.A., and A. Leung. 2002. Nature and fate </a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 125" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=125"> Jones, H.P., and O. J. Schmitz. 2009. Rapid recov</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 126" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=126"> Mills, K. 2005. Genetic analysis of the Black Bea</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 127" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=127"> Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR). 200</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 128" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=128"> Richter, B.D., J.V. Baumgartner, J. Powell and D.</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 129" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=129"> Thompson, I.D. 2000. Forest vegetation of Ontario</a> <a title="State of Ontario's Biodiversity 2010 Report page 130" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/6aa599ac?page=130"> Product of the Ontario Biodiversity Council, in p</a>