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<br /> <br /> Innhold<br /> Forord .......................................................................................................................................3<br /> Sammendrag ............................................................................................................................4<br /> 1 Rammebetingelser for markedsutviklingen .......................................................................5<br /> Overordnede utviklingstrekk ......................................................................................5<br /> Økonomisk utvikling og finansielle forhold .................................................................7<br /> Politiske rammevilkår .................................................................................................8<br /> Utviklingen i energimarkedene......................................................<a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=1"> </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=2"> Innhold Forord ..................................</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=3"> </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=4"> Sammendrag Ny teknologi: Investeringsnivået er s</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=5"> 1 Rammebetingelser for markedsutviklingen Enov</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=6"> Selv om det totale utslippsnivået har vært relati</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=7"> TWh 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=8"> Årlig BNP-endring </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=9"> plan med et mål for hvor mye landet skal kutte ut</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=10"> Siden midten av 2014 har prisen på råolje falt. I</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=11"> 2 Ny energi- og klimateknologi • Norge range</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=12"> Figur 2.1: Indeks for utvikling av klimateknologi</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=13"> Maritim og offshore leverandØr Prosessind</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=14"> MNOK 20 000 18 000 16 000 14 000 12 000 10 0</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=15"> MNOK </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=16"> MNOK 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=17"> Figur 2.6: Enova-stØtte og tilhØrende utlØste (me</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=18"> Investeringer i energi- og klimateknologi er stab</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=19"> Samtidig har realinvesteringer i fornybar energi </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=20"> MNOK 2500 2000 Kraftforsyning 1500Metallindu</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=21"> Til sammenligning er FoU-andelen av metallindustr</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=22"> 3 Industri • Fastlandsindustriens samlede en</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=23"> Utenfor olje- og gassektoren er det metallindustr</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=24"> energiintensiv, spesielt innenfor områder som tre</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=25"> MNOK 35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 15 000 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=26"> Industri MØbelindustri og an</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=27"> TWh 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=28"> Andel av varmeenergi (ekskl. metallindustri) 50% </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=29"> Energiintensitet 1,050 1,000 0,950 0,900 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=30"> Figur 3.9: Dekomponering av industriens energibru</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=31"> Mill. Sm3 oljeekvivalenter 300 250 200 150 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=32"> MNOK 450 000 400 000 350 000 300 000 250 000 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=33"> MNOK 200 000 180 000 160 000 140 000 120 000 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=34"> GWh/ mill. Sm3 o.e. 330 310 290 270 250 230 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=35"> 3.2.4 Økt bruk av elektrisitet og mindre faklin</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=36"> 4 Fornybar termisk energi • Det leveres stad</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=37"> Figur 4.2 oppsummerer fjernvarmebruken for period</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=38"> GWh 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=39"> GWh 6 000 5 000 4 000 3 000 2 000 1 000</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=40"> Prosentandel 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=41"> MNOK 4 000 3 500 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=42"> 5 Yrkesbygg og bolig • Samlet energibruk i b</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=43"> Bruk av fossile energibærere til oppvarmingsformå</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=44"> Energibruk per kvadratmeter synker Når det bygges</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=45"> KWh/m2 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=46"> Mrd. NOK 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=47"> lang sikt. LØnnsomheten i energitiltak ses fØrst </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=48"> for varmepumper varierer fra år til år, men omset</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=49"> KWP 3 000 2 500 2 000 1 500 1 000 500 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=50"> 6 Transport • Transportsektoren står for en </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=51"> Millioner liter 4500 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 150</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=52"> 1 000 tonn CO2-ekv. 4500 4000 3500 3000 250</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=53"> Km per innbygger per dag 45 40 35 30 25 20 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=54"> Mill. tonnkilometer 40 000 35 000 30 000 25 00</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=55"> Kg CO2-ekv. per transportarbeid 0,30 0,25 0,</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=56"> I 2007 ble det innfØrt en CO2-komponent i engangs</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=57"> Antall registrerte personbiler 1 800 000 1 600 0</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 58" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=58"> Antall hurtigladeplugger 1200 1000 800 600 </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 59" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=59"> </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 60" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=60"> Kildehenvisninger Figur 1.1: Klimagassutslipp i </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 61" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=61"> energikilder. «Annen miljØrelatert energi» omfatt</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 62" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=62"> https://www.ssb.no/statistikkbanken/SelectVarVal/</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 63" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=63"> Figur 3.9: Dekomponering av industriens energibru</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 64" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=64"> www.ssb.no/statistikkbanken/SelectVarVal/Define.a</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 65" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=65"> Figur 5.6: Andel nye bygninger med minst 3</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 66" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=66"> Figur 6.11: Omsetning av biodrivstoff 2010-2015 i</a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 67" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=67"> </a> <a title="Markedsutviklingen 2016 page 68" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/81329f6f?page=68"> </a>