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<br /> Welcome to your Digital Edition of<br /> NASA Tech Briefs and Photonics Tech Briefs<br /> Included in This May Edition:<br /> NASA Tech Briefs<br /> May 2016 www.techbriefs.com Vol. 40 No. 5<br /> The Future of Exploration<br /> Starts with 3D Printing<br /> Space Blanket Technology<br /> Protects iPhones<br /> Shape Memory Alloy<br /> Rock Splitter<br /> Photonics & Imaging<br /> Technology<br /> Click Here<br /> Photonics & Imaging Technology<br /> May 2016<br /> 3D Imaging Reveals Battery<br /> Degradation in Real Time<br /> How Filters Improve<br /> Machine Vision<br /> The Efficiency of UV LED<br /> Curing Systems<br /> Custom Drone Maps<br /> Glacier Growth<br /> Supplement to NASA Tech Briefs<br /> Click Here<br /> How to Navigate the Magazines:<br /> COMSOL News<br /> www.comsol.com <a title="NTB0516zMags page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=1"> Welcome to your Digital Edition of NASA T</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=2"> SMART DEVICES REQUIRE SMARTER AUTOMATED TEST </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=3"> May 2016 </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=4"> Free Info at http://info.hotims.com/61061-744 </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=5"> Free Info at http://info.hotims.com/61061-745 </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=6"> Contents Features 8 Products of Tomorrow </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=7"> What don't we do for NASA? While space walks and</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=8"> Contents 38 38 38 39 40 41 42 42 42 43 44</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=9"> Micro panels...Mega value! ® 3-INCH (S</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=10"> UP FRONT </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=11"> Become your company's most valuable player. Eleva</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=12"> </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=13"> Free Info at http://info.hotims.com/61061-750 </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=14"> Who's Who at NASA </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=15"> Voltage Controlled Current Source Your science. O</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=16"> THE FUTURE OF EXPLORATION STARTS WITH 3D PRINTING</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=17"> MULTIPHYSICS FOR EVERYONE The evolution of com</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=18"> 3D PRINTING Additive manufacturing has the </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=19"> A Complete 3D Printed Engine In December, th</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=20"> APPLICATION BRIEFS Solar Orbiter Instrument Filt</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=21"> Free Info at http://info.hotims.com/61061-754 </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=22"> Technology Focus: RF & Microwave High-Data-Rate </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=23"> Wideband, Dual-Polarized, Ultra-Low-Noise Focal P</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=24"> RF & Microwave Basic components of the FPA </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=25"> ing adequate control over circuit parameters as a</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=26"> RF & Microwave With the MRSHP operating in s</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=27"> sistors and components within the HPA. Measur</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=28"> Mechanical & Fluid Systems Lightweight, Reusable</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=29"> Advanced Magnetostrictive Regulator, Valve, and F</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=30"> Mechanical & Fluid Systems MSS, the servo-circu</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=31"> Clamshell Sampler One action with one actuator is</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=32"> Mechanical & Fluid Systems of the sample at an</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=33"> Passive, Low-Insertion-Force/High-Retention-Force</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=34"> Mechanical & Fluid Systems maintain a desired c</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=35"> What's On MANUFACTURING AND PROTOTYPING CHAN</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=36"> Mechanical & Fluid Systems Two-Phase Thermal Swi</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=37"> Electrical/Electronics High-Bandwidth, Wide Fiel</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=38"> Electrical/Electronics </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=39"> pattern for Ethernet transmit. The Test Generator</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=40"> Electrical/Electronics Nanotube-Based Device Co</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=41"> could be sent as just a single band, but this sa</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=42"> Sensors Pressure Sensor Using Piezoelectric Bend</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=43"> 2) The monopole antenna requires no cl</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=44"> Sensors shell, and solid. Displacement boundary</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=45"> Lightweight Metal Rubber Textile Sensor for In-Si</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=46"> Aeronautics Autonomous Leading-Edge Slat Device </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=47"> opened on the desktop, providing tools for the us</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=48"> Aeronautics while maintaining their desired alt</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=49"> sidered, and ranged from purely mecha- nized to p</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=50"> Aeronautics quency jet noise, a source that is </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=51"> atmospheric propagation in the sur- </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=52"> Health, Medicine & Biotechnology Relativistic Io</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=53"> Glenn Research Center. NASA is actively seeking l</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=54"> Health, Medicine & Biotechnology This device</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=55"> would be administered and a higher local con</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=56"> Information Technology & Software BALFIT Version</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=57"> Marshall MRMS Mosaic Python Toolkit (MMM-Py) Mars</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 58" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=58"> Information Technology & Software This innova</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 59" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=59"> fires, damaged structures (from earthquakes</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 60" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=60"> Information Technology & Software Measure false</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 61" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=61"> P R O D U C T SPOTLIGHT Given an acyclic </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 62" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=62"> New on the MARKET Product of the Month Molex,</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 63" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=63"> PLC and HMI Controller Unitronics, Quincy, MA,</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 64" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=64"> Upcoming... Webinars Understanding New Robotics</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 65" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=65"> Trends in Next-Gen Antenna Manufacturing Wednesd</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 66" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=66"> NASA's Technology Transfer Program NASA's R&D e</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 67" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=67"> </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 68" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=68"> </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 69" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=69"> Connect on social media: #CTF2016 “THE BEST WAY </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 70" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=70"> SMART DEVICES REQUIRE SMARTER AUTOMATED TEST </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 71" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=71"> May 2016 3D Imaging Reveals Batter</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 72" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=72"> Did you know that any standard Lumenera</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 73" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=73"> CONTENTS 2 Features 2 </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 74" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=74"> A battery cell, without an internal sup- port, sh</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 75" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=75"> P&IT: What antagonistic elements is this 3</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 76" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=76"> 3D IMAGING mal runaway in a battery be apprecia</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 77" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=77"> There are many different types of fil- ters i</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 78" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=78"> Figure 2. Transmission curve examples of longpass</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 79" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=79"> Figure 3b. An example of blue shift, shown with a</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 80" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=80"> Figure 4. Color wheel demonstrating that warm col</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 81" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=81"> Figure 7. Capsules being viewed with a monochroma</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 82" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=82"> Using UV LEDs to Cure Fiber Optic Cables Modern </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 83" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=83"> Figure 2. Spectral output of a 395nm UV LED curin</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 84" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=84"> Customized Drone Maps Glacier Growth Using a c</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 85" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=85"> INTRODUCING THE TECHSPEC® UC Series ULTRA COM</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 86" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=86"> Compact, Lightweight, Athermal, Nanocomposite Tel</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 87" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=87"> Characterizing Richness of Previously Unmapped Te</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 88" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=88"> controlled environments such as reverse engineeri</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 89" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=89"> Cross-section of the photodiode's epitaxial layer</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 90" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=90"> Invertible Time Invariant Linear Filtering (InTIL</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 91" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=91"> expansion of the standard TMA. This TMA off</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 92" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=92"> Tunable Edge Filters Semrock (Rochester NY) </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 93" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=93"> Spatial Light Modulator Hamamatsu Corporation</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 94" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=94"> Industrial Housing The Camera Case EyeMount (C</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 95" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=95"> Fiber Blowing Solutions Fiber Optic Center, I</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 96" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=96"> Double-Clad Optical Fibers </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 97" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=97"> Inverted Apodizing Filters Reynard Corporation</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 98" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=98"> Unmatched Positioning Performance Three-dime</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 99" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=99"> www.comsol.com </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 100" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=100"> CONTENTS Create, Communicate, and Collaborate </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 101" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=101"> FEATURES 21a 24a 26a 29a 32a </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 102" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=102"> ABB CRC, SWEDEN </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 103" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=103"> POWER TECHNOLOGY | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 104" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=104"> CUSTOM APPLICATIONS | POWER TECHNOLOGY </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 105" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=105"> POWER TECHNOLOGY | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 106" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=106"> NASA, AL, USA MULTIPHYSICS SOFTWARE MODELS ME</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 107" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=107"> ROCKET PROPULSION | COMBUSTION INSTABILITY </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 108" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=108"> COMBUSTION INSTABILITY | ROCKET PROPULSION </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 109" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=109"> “THE BEST WAY TO PREDICT THE FUTURE ...IS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 110" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=110"> CONTINUUM BLUE, UK Giving Furniture Testing a Le</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 111" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=111"> PRODUCT SAFETY AND QUALITY | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 112" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=112"> ALTASIM, OH, USA Increasing Productivity and </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 113" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=113"> ELECTRONICS COOLING | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 114" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=114"> CUSTOM APPLICATIONS | ELECTRONICS COOLING </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 115" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=115"> ELECTRONICS COOLING | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS tempe</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 116" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=116"> GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE, IL, USA Improving G</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 117" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=117"> ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES | NONLINEAR STRUCTURAL MECHAN</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 118" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=118"> NONLINEAR STRUCTURAL MECHANICS | ENERGY TECHNOLOG</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 119" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=119"> AMPHOS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 120" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=120"> CUSTOM APPLICATIONS | ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 121" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=121"> ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 122" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=122"> NGI, NORWAY Shake, Rattle, and Roll Norwegian r</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 123" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=123"> BUILDING PHYSICS | VIBRATION ANALYSIS explains</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 124" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=124"> ORNL, TN, USA Nuclear-Safety-Related SQA Proc</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 125" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=125"> SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 126" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=126"> CUSTOM APPLICATIONS | SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 127" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=127"> MIT, MA, USA Man-Made Stars: Evaluating Struct</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 128" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=128"> VACUUM VESSEL DESIGN | MAGNETIC FUSION ENERGY </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 129" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=129"> MAGNETIC FUSION ENERGY | VACUUM VESSEL DESIGN r</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 130" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=130"> UNIVERSITY AT BUFFALO, NY, USA PROMOTING INDU</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 131" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=131"> TECHNOLOGY ENTREPRENEURSHIP | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 132" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=132"> CUSTOM APPLICATIONS | TECHNOLOGY ENTREPRENEURSHIP</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 133" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=133"> EINDHOVEN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND COMPUTOOLA</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 134" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=134"> CUSTOM APPLICATIONS | BUILDING PHYSICS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 135" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=135"> BUILDING PHYSICS | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 136" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=136"> BE CAE, ITALY THERMAL CHARACTERIZATION OF AN E</a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 137" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=137"> ELECTRONIC PACKAGING | CUSTOM APPLICATIONS From </a> <a title="NTB0516zMags page 138" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/9865d838?page=138"> GUEST EDITORIAL COMSOL NEWS COMSOL Multiphysics® </a>