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<br /> Water Loss Reduction<br /> First Edition<br /> Authors<br /> Zheng Yi Wu<br /> Malcolm Farley<br /> David Turtle<br /> Zoran Kapelan<br /> Joby Boxall<br /> Stephen Mounce<br /> Sanjay Dahasahasra<br /> Madhuri Mulay<br /> Yehuda Kleiner<br /> Technical Editor<br /> Zheng Yi Wu<br /> Peer Reviewers<br /> Thomas M. Walski (Bentley Systems)<br /> Dragan Savic (Exeter University)<br /> Paul Sage (WITSconsulate)<br /> Neil Croxton (United Utilties)<br /> Stuart Hamilton (JD7)<br /> Kobus van Zyl (University of Cape Town)<br /> David Hughes (America Water)<br /> Kristen Dietrich (Bentley Systems)<br /> Exton, Pennsylvania<br /> WATER LOSS REDUCTION<br /> First Edition<br /> Copyright © 2011 by Bentley Institute Press<br /> Bentley Systems, Incorporated<br /> 685 Stockton Drive<br /> Exton, Pennsylvania 19341<br /> www.bentley.com/books<br /> Printed in the United States of America<br /> All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduce<a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 1" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=1"> Water Loss Reduction First Edition Authors Zh</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 2" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=2"> WATER LOSS REDUCTION First Edition Copyright ©</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 3" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=3"> For those who support and contribute to water los</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 4" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=4"> “Water Loss Reduction. . . . a state of the art g</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 5" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=5"> “The authors of Water Loss Reduction have done a</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 6" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=6"> “Bentley has brought together an outstanding coll</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 7" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=7"> “Water Loss Reduction is a great contribution to </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 8" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=8"> levels of government. The techniques of leakage d</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 9" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=9"> distribution systems. It not only provides thorou</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 10" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=10"> Contents Acknowledgments XVII About the</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 11" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=11"> Contents </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 12" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=12"> xii Co</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 13" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=13"> Contents </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 14" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=14"> xiv Con</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 15" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=15"> Contents </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 16" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=16"> xvi Con</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 17" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=17"> Acknowledgments This book is the result o</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 18" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=18"> About the Authors Water Loss Reduction is </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 19" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=19"> About the Authors </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 20" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=20"> xx Abo</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 21" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=21"> About the Authors </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 22" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=22"> Foreword Leakage is an issue that constan</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 23" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=23"> Is Water the New Oil? Water. Is there any</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 24" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=24"> xxiv Is Wa</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 25" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=25"> Is Water the New Oil? </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 26" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=26"> xxvi Is Wa</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 27" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=27"> 1 CHAPTER Introduction to Water Loss Reducti</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 28" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=28"> 2 CH</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 29" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=29"> 1.3 Benefits of Water Loss Reduction </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 30" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=30"> 4 CH</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 31" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=31"> 1.3 Benefits of Water Loss Reduction </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 32" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=32"> 6 CH</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 33" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=33"> 1.4 Holistic Approach </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 34" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=34"> 8 CH</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 35" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=35"> 1.4 Holistic Approach </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 36" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=36"> 10 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 37" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=37"> 1.5 Water Loss Reduction Process </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 38" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=38"> 12 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 39" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=39"> 2 CHAPTER Understanding Water Losses </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 40" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=40"> 14 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 41" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=41"> 2.2 Causes of Water Losses </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 42" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=42"> 16 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 43" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=43"> 2.4 Assessing Real Losses </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 44" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=44"> 18 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 45" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=45"> 2.5 Establishing a Water Balance </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 46" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=46"> 20 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 47" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=47"> 2.5 Establishing a Water Balance </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 48" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=48"> 22 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 49" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=49"> 2.6 Bottom-Up Real Loss Assessment </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 50" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=50"> 24 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 51" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=51"> 2.7 Component Analysis </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 52" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=52"> 26 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 53" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=53"> 2.7 Component Analysis </a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 54" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=54"> 28 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 55" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=55"> 2.8 Calculating Real Loss Performance Indicato</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 56" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=56"> 30 CHA</a> <a title="water loss free preview.pdf page 57" href="http://viewer.zmags.com/publication/d0afcceb?page=57"> 2.8 Calculating Real Loss Performance Indicato</a>